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What are 3 common knee injuries? London Chiropractor Explains

The knee is the second most common site of musculoskeletal complaint (after back pain) in adults (Source: Jordan 2010; Khan 2010)

What are 3 Common Knee Injuries?: Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

In our comprehensive guide titled: ‘What are 3 common knee injuries? ‘, we delve into the realm of knee joint injuries, equipping you with knowledge to navigate the complexities of knee health. Our mission is to provide invaluable insights, enabling you to comprehend, prevent, and address knee injuries effectively.

The knee serves as the pivotal connection between the upper and lower leg bones. It plays an indispensable role in facilitating a wide range of movements, including activities like running, cycling, and swimming. Being the largest joint within the body, the knee boasts a rather intricate anatomical structure. From athletes to everyday individuals, understanding these injuries is vital for maintaining optimal knee function.

Introduction to Knee Injuries

We understand the importance of knee health and the impact that a knee related injury can have on daily life. In this article, we’ll explore three prevalent knee related injuries, offering an understanding of their causes, symptoms, and potential treatments.

Knee related injuries affecting the ligaments, like cruciate ligament injuries (ACL) and collateral ligament injuries (MCL and LCL) can be brought about by repetitive strain over time. Typical overuse injuries include iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS). In other instances, tendon tears caused by sudden impact such as slips, trips and falls. In the case of sport injuries sudden changes in direction or abrupt pivoting, whilst carrying forward momentum can cause the knee to give in which may lead to posterior cruciate ligament type injuries

Diagnosing knee injuries from falling or overuse correctly is vital in sports medicine, physiotherapy, chiropractic and other specialist healthcare systems. Some professional sport careers have ended abruptly due to an unexpected knee related injury.

A tear of the collateral ligaments also known as a knee sprain wants to be addressed at the earliest opportunity to avoid aggravating the knee. In extreme cases of knee dislocations or severe structural damage a full or partial knee replacement may be required.

Severe injuries to the knee joint if not treated and thoroughly rehabilitated may cause the onset of osteoarthritis and indirect complications caused by the compensations and imbalances of the muscular skeletal structure such as the feet, hips and back. Everything in the body is connected in what Chiropractors refer to as the ‘kinetic chain’ which means all body parts working together to enable and sustain health, provide protection, stability, and movement.

Knee injury recovery time also varies depending on the severity of the diagnosis and other factors such as overall health, the presence or not of other underlying conditions such as auto-immune disease like arthritis. Clients often ask ‘how do I know if my knee injury is serious?’.

The best way to get a clear root cause diagnosis is by visiting a specialist such as a family chiropractor, physiotherapist and GP to get the correct diagnosis in the form of x-rays (if clinically justified), MRIs or CT Scans.

What are the symptoms of a torn ligament in your knee?

Symptoms of a tear in the ligament of the knee include pain, swelling, instability, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected leg.

How to test for knee ligament injury?

A knee related injury of the ligaments is often diagnosed through physical examination, imaging tests like MRI, and specialized stress tests to assess ligament integrity.

How to treat knee injury from falling?

Treating a knee related injury resulting from a fall involves rest, ice application, compression, elevation (RICE), topical analgesic creams, and seeking professional help from a family chiropractor, medical attention, or physiotherapist if pain or swelling persists.

1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears: Unveiling the Culprit

What is the ACL?

The ACL is a critical ligament in the knee that stabilizes the joint during various movements. However, it’s susceptible to tears, especially among athletes engaged in a high-impact sport or sudden pivoting motions.

Causes and Symptoms

An ACL injury also known as a tear is a type of Injury of the ligaments that often results from abrupt stops or changes in direction, as well as direct impacts to the knee. Common symptoms include a distinct popping sound, immediate swelling, severe knee pain, and a feeling of instability.

Treatment and Recovery

Treatment options for ACL injuries range from physiotherapy to surgical reconstruction. The choice depends on the severity of the tear and the individual’s lifestyle. Rehabilitation plays a pivotal role in recovery, focusing on strengthening the knee and restoring its function.

2. Meniscus Tears: Navigating the Cartilage Challenge

The Meniscus: Cushioning the Knee

In each of your knees, there exists a pair of C-shaped cartilages functioning as cushions positioned between your shinbone and thighbone. The outcome of a meniscus tear encompasses sensations of knee pain, swelling, and stiffness. Additionally, a hindrance to knee motion might be perceived, coupled with challenges in achieving full knee extension.

The meniscus, a cartilage in the knee, acts as a shock absorber and stabilizer. Tears often occur due to sudden twists, deep squats, or repetitive motions that strain the cartilage over time.

A meniscus tear ranks among the prevalent knee related injuries frequently encountered. Engaging in activities that involve forceful knee twisting or rotation, particularly under the weight-bearing scenario, can contribute to the occurrence of tear in the meniscus.

Detecting Symptoms and Causes

Tears of the meniscus are a type of knee related injury that comes accompanied by symptoms such as pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited range of motion. The condition may arise from both acute injuries and degenerative processes in older individuals.

Treatment Approaches

Treatment varies based on factors like tear location, size, and patient age. Conservative options include rest, ice, and physical therapy, while more extensive tears might necessitate arthroscopic surgery for repair or removal of damaged tissue.

How Chiropractic Can Help Heal from Tears in the Meniscus: Navigating the Cartilage Challenge

Chiropractic care can play a role in managing meniscus-based tears by addressing associated muscle imbalances, joint restrictions, and movement compensations. While chiropractic adjustments cannot directly repair the meniscus tear, they can contribute to improved joint mobility and reduced stress on surrounding tissues.

Chiropractors may employ techniques that alleviate muscle tension and improve joint function, which can help in overall pain management and facilitate the body’s natural healing process. Additionally, chiropractors can guide patients in adopting movement modifications and exercises that promote joint stability and prevent further strain on the affected area.

It’s important to understand that the severity of the tear and the individual’s overall health condition play a crucial role in determining the effectiveness of chiropractic care as part of the treatment plan.

3. Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper’s Knee): Tackling Overuse

The Patellar Tendon and Overuse

Patellar tendonitis occurs due to overuse, often affecting athletes engaging in repetitive jumping or running activities. The patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to the shinbone, becomes inflamed and painful.

Identifying Symptoms

Pain just below the kneecap is a hallmark of patellar tendonitis. The discomfort worsens with activity and might lessen with rest, but ignoring symptoms can lead to chronic issues.

Managing and Preventing

Rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory measures form the initial line of defense. Physical therapy aims to strengthen surrounding muscles and correct biomechanical imbalances to prevent recurrence.

How Chiropractic Can Help Heal from Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper’s Knee): Tackling Overuse

Chiropractic care offers a holistic approach to managing patellar tendonitis by addressing the underlying factors contributing to the condition. Chiropractors can evaluate the biomechanics of the knee and surrounding joints to identify misalignments or movement imbalances that may exacerbate the overuse causing strain on the patellar tendon.

Through gentle adjustments, cross frictions, and ischemic compression, chiropractic care aims to restore proper joint function and alleviate muscle tension, providing relief from pain and discomfort. Chiropractors may also provide guidance on modifying activities to reduce strain on the affected knee and recommend exercises that strengthen the surrounding muscles, promoting better knee stability.

It’s essential to recognize that the success of chiropractic care in managing patellar tendonitis depends on the severity of the condition, individual response to treatment, and collaboration with other healthcare professionals, such as orthopedic specialists or physical therapists. Chiropractic care should be integrated into a comprehensive treatment plan that takes into account the patient’s overall well-being and healing goals.

Remember, chiropractic care works well when used in conjunction with other evidence-based treatments and under the guidance of healthcare professionals. It can be beneficial to consult with different medical experts to create a tailored treatment approach that addresses the specific needs of everyone.

Prevention Strategies for Knee Health

Warm-Up and Stretching: Prevent the 3 Common Knee Injuries described and more.

Proper warm-up and stretching routines are essential before physical activity. These practices enhance blood flow, flexibility, and joint lubrication, reducing the risk of sudden strain.

Strengthening Exercises: Shielding the Knee

Targeted exercises that strengthen the muscles around the knee joint provide added stability and protection. Incorporating exercises like squats, lunges, and leg raises helps maintain knee integrity.

Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Alleviating Pressure

Excess weight places added stress on the knees. Maintaining a healthy weight through balanced nutrition and regular exercise can significantly reduce the risk of knee related injuries and discomfort.


In this comprehensive guide, we’ve explored three knee related injuries that are common, shedding light on their causes, symptoms, and preventative measures. By arming yourself with knowledge, you empower yourself to make informed choices for your knee health. Remember, seeking professional guidance and prompt intervention is essential when dealing with knee injuries. Here’s to a future of strong, resilient knees and a life free from the limitations of knee related injuries.

When was the last time your spine and joints were checked?

Your spine should ideally, in this day and age, be checked yearly due to the overuse of technology and phones, especially if you’re suffering from existing conditions and muscular skeletal imbalances. Excessive use of technology can promote poor posture and add pressure on the joints, discs and nerves within the spine.

At Healing Hands Chiropractic, we specialize in optimizing your spinal health, posture, and joint mobility. Our experienced London Chiropractors offer a thorough chiropractic assessments to identify imbalances, root causes, and create personalized treatment plans to ensure your body functions at its best. We deliver One of the UK’s most thorough Chiropractic Assessments available today.

Don’t wait for discomfort to prioritize your well-being. Schedule your comprehensive evaluation with Healing Hands Chiropractic on 26 Richmond Hill, Richmond, TW10 6QX, London – UK, and embark on a journey towards improved sport performance, vitality, and wellness.”

Call our 24/7 helpline on tel:0208 948 9102 and speak to our friendly front desk staff by calling in or by visiting us in-person. You may also conveniently book online using our 24/7 portal. Contact us now to schedule your appointment and take a proactive step towards better health!